One of the biggest mistakes potential homebuyers can make is assuming that they cannot qualify for a mortgage. The availability of non-conventional home loans is on the rise, making it possible for a larger proportion of consumers to buy property, even if they do not have perfect credit or are unable to save up large sums for a down payment. Read on to find out what constitutes a non-conventional loan, how to qualify, and pro tips on how to proceed if you want to buy a home with a non-conforming loan.
A non-conventional loan, or a non-conventional mortgage, is a type of loan product that does not conform to traditional mortgage loan requirements. Conventional loans have a common set of qualifications and eligibility, such as credit scores, loan amounts and debt-to-income ratios. In addition, many conventional loans require a 20 percent down payment minimum, or private mortgage insurance payments. Non-conventional home loans, however, can offer more flexible qualification and eligibility requirements, oftentimes because they have been backed by the government. The Federal Housing Administration, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs and U.S. Department of Agriculture are all federal agencies that insure these non-conventional loans in an effort to encourage homeownership.
Qualifying for non-conventional home loans typically tends to be easier than qualifying for conventional products, precisely because they are designed to facilitate homeownership for individuals who may not qualify otherwise. There are multiple non-conventional products available, all with different qualification and eligibility requirements. A loan insured by the Federal Housing Administration, commonly referred to as an FHA loan, has a minimum credit score requirement of 540, as opposed to a traditional requirement of 640. While conventional borrowers are required to either make a 20 percent down payment or pay for private mortgage insurance (PMI), those acquiring an FHA loan can put down as low as 3.5 percent. However, it is important to note that not everyone is eligible to qualify for a non-conventional mortgage loan. Some loans are limited to certain demographics, such as eligible military veterans and their family members, or low-income homebuyers living in rural areas.
Mentioned earlier, loan products that do not conform to the requirements of conventional loans are considered non-conventional mortgages as well, even if they are not backed by the federal government. According to NerdWallet.com, nearly half of home loans are now provided by alternative mortgage lenders. This shows that the demand for non-conventional home loans is significant, and growing. The following are three common sources of alternative loans:
Chances are, you have seen at least one commercial for Rocket Mortgage on the television. Quicken Loans, which launched Rocket Mortgage, represents one of the most substantial companies in a new generation of online mortgage lenders. Online lenders are offering consumers with mortgage and refinancing approvals in a matter of minutes, using loan-decision algorithms. These programs appeal widely to millennials, today’s largest group of home buyers, who prefer to shop for products online and receive instant gratification.
Similar to the concept of online mortgage lenders, many popular sites such as Zillow or LendingTree offer consumers a list of potential loan products to choose from. A search is performed by an algorithm that takes basic information entered by the shopper and matches nonconforming mortgage rates and products offered by lenders. The consumer then selects their preferred product and works directly with the lender to finish processing the application. In turn, these marketplaces and brokers, which can be thought of as middlemen, receive a fee for providing lenders with leads.
Small lenders and credit unions provide an alternative to home buyers who have less-than-perfect credit. Because these entities often do not face as many federal regulations as their counterparts, the banks, they are able to provide more flexible options to consumers. As a result of the housing crisis, many big banks have decreased their roles in mortgage lending, limiting their products to the most qualified borrowers. In recent years, non-bank lenders have increasingly filled this void.
It is easy to get discouraged when you want to buy a home, but cannot see the light at the end of the tunnel when it comes to paying off debt or saving up enough funds for a down payment. However, it should be known that non-conventional mortgage loans have become increasingly popular, making homeownership more accessible to those who cannot or do not want to take out a conventional mortgage. Follow the five steps below if you are interested in buying property with a non-conforming loan:
The key takeaway for this discussion is that non-conventional home loans on the market have made it possible for many consumers to achieve home ownership. Maintaining perfect credit and saving up 20 percent for a down payment is not necessarily a breeze in today’s economic landscape. The burden of student loans, skyrocketing costs of living and ever-increasing property values can make homeownership seem like a far away goal for many. However, the rise of non-conventional mortgage loans have provided home buyers with flexible, creative options.
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